您好,欢迎来到小站教育!
小站教育>托福点题>托福阅读真题解析

托福阅读真题解析

2014-08-21 15:30 | 编辑: xiaoxu | 来自: 小站教育

摘要:历来托福阅读的真题解析都是考生热捧的对象,尤其是第一次参加托福考试的考生,他们从托福阅读整体解析里面一点点汲取托福阅读考试的经验。

托福听力单项保分课程,免费咨询
在线客服
咨询电话:400-601-5262

  历来托福阅读的真题解析都是考生热捧的对象,尤其是第一次参加托福考试的考生,他们从托福阅读整体解析里面一点点汲取托福阅读考试的经验。

  对于没参加过托福考试的考生,做阅读真题是必不可少的,但是对真题的解析也是帮助他们理清思路的工具。托福阅读考试的思路不同于中国的CET4和CET6,托福考试的出题专家是纯正的美国人,他们考虑事情的思维是与中国的出题专家不同的。所以,对于参加托福考试的考生来说,了解托福阅读考试的思路是很重要的。

\

  尽管中美出题专家考虑事情的思维不同,但是最终的目的都是检测考生的英语学习情况。我们之前就聊过托福阅读的备考知识和托福考试误区等内容,下面我们就拿一篇实实在在的文章来分析。

  这是一篇介绍美国西进运动的文章,难度不是很大,我们就从多方面分析这篇文章。

  Westward migration

  The story of the westward movement of population in the United States is, in the main, the story of the expansion of American agriculture-of the development of new areas for the raising of livestock and the cultivation of wheat, corn, tobacco, and cotton. After 1815 improved transportation enabled more and more western farmers to escape a self-sufficient way of life and enter a national market economy during periods when commodity prices were high, the rate of westward migration increased spectacularly. “Old America seemed to be breaking up and moving westward,” observed an English visitor in 1817, during the first great wave of migration. Emigration to the west reached a peak in the 1830’s. whereas in 1810 only a seventy of the American people lived west of the Appalachian mountains, by 1840 more than a third lived there.

  由于托福考试时间为20分钟一篇,读超过800字还得做14道题目, 因此逐字逐句读从完成速度的角度而言是不现实的。那么在整篇文章呈现在我们眼前时,我们一定要学会看主旨句。
 

★★★【经典课程推荐】成就千名学员托福110分梦想★★★

  我们观察下第一段,文章的开始 ,按照常理推断应该是对标题进行介绍与解释,因此第一句话交代主题。我们只需要抽取其中的关键词就可以了。

  The story of the westward movement of population in the United States is, in the main, the story of the expansion of American agriculture-of the development of new areas for the raising of livestock and the cultivation of wheat, corn, tobacco, and cotton.

  现在我们知道第一段的大致内容。我们抽取出来的关键词如上,那么中文概括就是西进运动末美国农业的发展。接下来的篇幅都是用例子来证明如何发展。 (我们看到年份)

  那我们现在来看下第一题。

  Q1 What can be inferred from paragraph 1 about western farmers prior to 1815?

  ○They had limited their crop production to wheat, corn, tobacco, and cotton.

  ○They were able to sell their produce at high prices.

  ○They had not been successful in raising cattle.

  ○They did not operate in a national market economy.

  解析: 这是一道推断题, 换言之,定位之后我们还需要通过推理才能得出答案。

  题目中的定位词非常明显。 1815 之前, 那我们就需要去文章中找到1815

  After 1815 improved transportation enabled more and more western farmers to escape a self-sufficient way of life and enter a national market economy during periods when commodity prices were high, the rate of westward migration increased spectacularly.

  我们发现文中只出现了1815 之后的内容,那么通过反推,我们可以得出结论,第一题的答案只要和1815年之后相反基本上可以断定。根据句子主干,我们看到,农民们再1815年进入到国家市场经济时期。 因此答案很简单,选D.

  Q2 What is the purpose of the statement, “whereas in 1810 only a seventy of the

  American people lived west of Appalachian Mountains, by 1840 more than a third lived there”?

  ○To illustrate that generally population shifts occur rapidly

  ○To correct a mistaken impression of American agriculture from 1810 to 1840

  ○To emphasize the range and speed with which the westward migration occurred

  ○To demonstrate how attractive the Appalachian Mountains were to Americans

  我们再来看下第2题, 这是道修辞目的题,这种题目一般情况下是作者写某个例子,为什么这么写,答案一般往前推,推其观点就好。

  根据题干, “whereas in 1810 only a seventy of the American people lived west of Appalachian Mountains, by 1840 more than a third lived there”这明显是个例子,那么往前面找观点就在文中引号之前的那句内容, After 1815 improved transportation enabled more and more western farmers to escape a self-sufficient way of life and enter a national market economy during periods when commodity prices were high, the rate of westward migration increased spectacularly.

  前半句刚出了考点,这题的考点在其后, 为什么要说1810年只有这么多人住,而1840年多出这么多呢? 显然推观点里面的the rate of westward migration increased spectacularly。所以答案选C.

  通过我们对真题的解析,很容易的领会文章的主旨。考生不能过于依赖考试真题解析的思路,因为对于不同类型的阅读来说它的解答方法是不同的。尤其是对倒叙的文章,如果按着这个思路进行的话,可能导致适得其反的结果。

  不过考生可以多看些不同类型的真题解析,看的多了思维就会更加活跃,看到相同类型的题目,能够很快的反应过来,可以在一定的思路引导下,有效的解决问题。

>>还不是很明白点击咨询"在线顾问"全方位解答

相关文章推荐
小站教育相关托福推荐
课程名称 课程类型 课时 保分 在线咨询
雅思 短期冲刺 16 7 查看课程
雅思 至尊全景 88 8 查看课程
托福 短期冲刺 16 100 查看课程
托福 至尊全景 88 110 查看课程
SAT 中期强化 32 2200 查看课程
SAT 至尊全景 108 2300 查看课程

小站论坛

关于我们
版权声明
隐私保护
意见反馈
联系我们
网站地图

© 2014 .com All Rights Reserved. TPOOO 沪ICP备11025181号